The seasons of India have been structured by the Hindu calendar that indicates 6 types of seasons or Rituye named spring, summer, monsoon, autumn, pre-winter and, winter.
Each season has its significant quality that is decided by the sea level distance, altitude, and latitude.
In the Vedic period, the Hindu people used to follow the lunisolar calendar that was prominent not only in India but also in South Asia too.
All the popular occasions and festivals of India are based on the Hindu calendar. Here we are describing the list of 6 seasons of India, so let’s have a closer look at that:-
Spring or Vasant:
The middle of the February lasts till the middle of the April called spring season and it’s quite a pleasant and favorable period and people love this season so much. The temperature stables not more than 31c.
You can see the new-born leaves from the trees and blooming flowers spread the fragrance of flowers and soil. As it comes after the winter season so days become a little longer and in ancient time, this season has been considered as a rejuvenation or rebirth of the Earth.
The Indian festivals like Holi, Gudi Padwa, and Basant Panchmi celebrated in this season.
Summer or Grisham:
Grisham stated for Garmi or hot and summer season is very hot as the heat of sun rises especially in India. The temperature can vary from 38c to 42c.
The days become longer and nights are short. It starts from the month of May and lasts till June. People love to rest at their home in front of the AC or cooler. The heating air can affect you and make you sick.
In the Hindu Panchang, these months are called Jyeshta or Jeth and Ashadaha. The main Indian festivals of this season are Rath Yatra.
Monsoon or Varsha:
Varsha or also called rain, the monsoon season starts from July and lasts August. It just comes after the summer season and provides some relief.
The temperature becomes down a little and dark clouds spread to the sky and the earth becomes more green and vibrant but in some areas due to heavy rainfall the situation gets worse.
In the dense green areas, many types of insects and snakes come out and can be a threatening to people.
People also call this Savan or Shravana and Bhado or Bhadrapada according to the Hindu calendar. Krishna Janmasthmi, Onam, and Rakhi are the main occasion of these months.
Autumn or Sharad:
This season is also known as the falling season as you may see the falling tree leaves. The weather feels pleasant with a cool breeze and days and nights to become equal length.
The sky is clear from clouds and the rivers are also clean and It starts from the month of September and lasts till October.
The temperature remains 32c and these two months are also known as Ashwin and Kartika. Sharad Purnima, Dushera, and Navratri are the main festivals of this season and celebrated with gracefully in India and you can feel positive energy during this season.
Pre-winter or Hemant:
As the name describes, this is the period or the beginning of winter. The temperature gets down and you can feel the cold wind and short days.
It remains for two months November and December and the Hindu Panchanga named these months Aghan and Pousha. You may feel coldness during the nights and early mornings.
In the old-times, this season was the symbol of new starting and to say goodbye to all old things.
This is also a lovely time for traveling and outing. Diwali, Guruparv, and other occasions are the main attractions of this season.
Winter or Shita/Shishir:
After the pre-winter, now it is the time of the full winter season. The whole country feels the cold and dryness in the atmosphere.
According to the Hindu calendar, these two months middle of December and mid-February known as Magha and Phalgun.
The temperature remains less than 23c and in some parts, it may increase or decrease. You may see people on the streets around the fire covered with a blanket.
The main Indian occasions of this season are Shivaratri, Lohri, and Makar Sankranti. People prepare various dishes that provide some relief from cold during this season.