What is a Cell? Types of Cells? Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells?

Friends, today we will explore the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in a series of differences.

At the same time, we will also provide you information about what is a Prokaryotic cell, and what is a Eukaryotic cell.

Cell means ‘a small room’. The cell is the anatomical and functional unit of our body.  It is a small organized form where all kinds of actions take place, collectively we call life. A bacterium that is made up of one cell is called a unicellular organism and another one that is made up of many cells is called multicellular. When scientists studied the cells of different types of organisms with an electron microscope, it was found that there are many organisms whose cells do not have a clear nucleus surrounded by a nucleus.

Types of Cells

Therefore, a cell can be defined as the structural, functional, and genetic unit of all living beings, and can be classified in various ways. Mainly prokaryotic (or prokaryotic) and eukaryotic (or eukaryotic) cells.

Eukaryotic:

These cells are found to have clear nuclei surrounded by a double membrane envelope, the nucleus envelope, which contains chromatin made up of DNA and histone proteins combined, and the nucleus.

Cells containing nucleic and well-developed cells such as mitochondria, galactic, endoplasmic reticulum, and lavage, etc., are called eukaryotic cells.

In this cell, the nuclei are not in direct contact with the cytoplasm. Histone proteins are found in the chromosomes of these cells. There are the 70s to 80s types of ribosomes.

Prokaryotic:

These cells do not comprise histone protein due to which chromatin has not been developed. Only DNA formulas include chromosomes. No other cover encircles it. Therefore, there is no progressive cell called the nucleus. Similar cells are found in bacteria and blue-green algae. Co-establishment is found only in eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells do not have amortization.

These cells are primitive depending on the composition. There is no nucleus membrane around the nucleus, in which the nucleus is made of DNA nucleic acid. To which the proteins are not attached nor do they have a nucleus membrane around them. This type of composition is called a nuclide. DNA molecules freely lie in the cytoplasm. RNA molecules are freely found in the cytoplasm. Prokaryotic cells do not contain histone proteins, they also do not contain mitochondria, green matter (chloroplasts), galactic, lysosomes.

Differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

ProkaryoticEukaryotic
The cell wall is made of protein and carbohydrates.The cell wall is made of cellulose.
 Mitochondria is absent. Mitochondria is present.
The endoplasmic reticulum is absent.The endoplasmic reticulum is present.
Golgi Bodies are absent.Golgi Bodies are present.
There is single thread DNA.DNA is a fully developed and double thread.
It is of an untouchable type.It is a mitosis type.
Photosynthesis occurs in the thylakoid.Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast.
Sex reproduction is not found.Sex reproduction is found.
Respiration occurs through the plasma membrane.Respiration occurs through the mitochondria.
The centriole is absent.The centriole is present.
The Center is absent.Center is present.
There is only one fiber.There are 11 fibers in total.
Lysosomes are absent.Lysosomes are present.
The nucleus membrane is absent.The nucleus membrane is present.
There are 705 types of ribosomes.There are 805 types of ribosomes.

Conclusion

Depending on the nucleus of the cells, two types of cells are found in organisms, prokaryotic and eukaryotic. What is this, what is the difference in it, etc. is known from the above article? Friends, how did you find the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, please tell us by commenting and share it.

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