The development of a country depends on the initiatives taken by its citizens. We have to fix certain milestone before starting the real process of development. It will be great if we fix 2030 as a milestone and make the necessary plans to reach there.
A clear picture of how India will look in the year 2030 will help us in apprehending the necessary steps to be taken now.
The vision created by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam for the year 2020 will miss the train and the year should be pushed to 2030. Some of the perspectives on the looks of India in the year 2030 in terms of its military, technology, power, money, development and other aspects are discussed below:
Indian defense in 2030
The stability of a country greatly depends on the military strength it has garnered through centuries.
I can see India being placed among the top 3 military prowess in the year 2030. If we look into the past Indian military had played a major role in World War I and II; this legacy will reach its epitome in the year 2030.
At present, the Indian army has an active strength of 1.3 million and a reserved strength of 2.1 million. In the year 2016-2017, the country was ranked among the top five world armies is considered as a vital land combat force.
With the active involvement of BJP Government India will be seen as the top land army in the year 2030. India military budget will be more than 100 Billion dollars by the year 2030.
By improving the combat and tactical techniques, replacing old equipment and weapons with new advanced one and by addressing the major lacunae it can reach the top spot in coming 14 years.
One of the major advantages for India is its rising young population which will help in increasing the count for Indian army.
It has to surpass only two giants namely China and the USA to become unbeatable.
The growing manpower of India will definitely help India to surpass the other countries in terms of strength by 2030.
For technology and war weapons, we are dependent on USA and France but the “Make in India” initiative will make the country self-sufficient in manufacturing defense products by 2030.So by the targeted year, we will be producing our state of art equipment for the military.
For the safety in the air, the country has largely depended on the Indian Air force.
By the year 2030, this wing of defense will be counted as the top 3 Air force in the world. It has to compete with countries like Russia and Israel to get into the circle of top 3 lists.
The Air force of Israel is being considered as a very good combat force and no countries would like to mess with such a strong Air force.
As per the new procurement policies of the defense department, it is being planned to procure around 400 fighter planes till 2030.
Until the target year, we will be able to include the best fighter planes like F-35, F-22, and Dassault Rafale, which are being used by the best Airforce fleet in the world.
HAL or Hindustan Aeronautical Limited is leading from the front by helping the country in becoming self-reliant in producing own aircraft.
By 2030 the involvement of foreign players and the Indian state of art technology manufacturing agencies like DRDO and HAL will be steering as the backbone of Indian defense sector.
With a coastline of more than 6,100 km, the herculean task of the Indian Navy is really tough and remarkable.
The day is not far when we will be equipped with 15,000-ton ships like US Zumwalt , Izumo class destroyer and roar into the vast ocean of opportunities in the coming decade end of 2030. Equipped with the best flight carriers, guided missiles, and advanced radars will become India’s pride in the coming years.
Not only on the sea but we will be guarding below the sea surface with deadly and fast submarines like Seawolf class, Granula class, and Virginia class.
Neighboring countries like China and Pakistan will think twice before challenging our defense in 2030.
Indian Economy 2030
The economy of India saw a new sunrise after liberalization policy in the year 1991. Under the leadership of former Prime Minister P.V Narasimha Rao and Finance Minister Manmohan Singh the noble initiative was started.
Due to better policies and the country’s quest to emerge as a leading economy in the world, India opened its market to foreign investors. India would be a developed country by 2030 with proper implementation of economic goals.
According to predictions of some of the leading newspapers like Economic time, India will be the 3rd largest economy by the year 2030.
In comparison to China, India is moving at a slower pace but some economists believe India will surpass the Dragon by 2050.
The growth rate of GDP or Gross Domestic Product annually of India in the year 2000 was 3.8 %; in the year 2010 was 10.3 %; so as per the prediction this may go up by the year 2030.
Even the per capita income will see a rise by 2030 and is estimated to reach USD 3000 on an average. It can be seen as a developed nation catering to welfare and development of the entire citizen.
China is expected to jump to the 1st spot by the year end 2030 being followed by the USA. The projected economy of India in the year 2030 will be approximately USD 10,000 billion.
The Indian economy will be retaining the top spot among the Commonwealth nations by the targeted year.
Even it will be far superior to some of the European counterparts like France and Italy. The day is not far when India will be counted among the elite G8 members.
India was ahead of China in the year 1970 in terms if economic conditions but the Dragon nation left India behind in the year 1980 and still growing at a faster rate.
Some of the European nations are witnessing a slowdown in their economy and may continue to see in coming years.
Indian GDP is shared by Agriculture and allied, Industry and Services. At present, the Services sector is the vital contributor to Indian GDP and is believed to contribute by the end of next decade.
It can be considered as a major boost for employment directly or indirectly. By contributing more than 52 % to the GDP of India, service sector is considered to be a boon for coming years.
Whereas, the contribution of Agriculture has decreased to mere 16 % and that of Industry is 31 %.
By the beginning of 2030, the statistics might be different as Industrial sector is seen as an attractive zone for investors and is crucial for improving the economy of India.
For the successful sustenance of Indian economy, the CAD or Current Account Deficit should be minimized.
This can be achieved by increasing the exports and decreasing the imports. The Information technology sector is considered as a boon for the Indian export industry.
The foreign currency reserves will see an increase from USD 368 billion in 2016 to USD 800 billion to 1 Trillion by the year 2030.
India will be one of the leading economies in the world by the year 2030. India will be the 4th largest economy in the world surpassing Germany.
Indian Technology in 2030
There was a time when people used to plan their next holidays for months long.
Now, with the advent of modern technology Indians can book holidays to any part within India or abroad with the help of their fingertips.
India has come a long way in terms of technology by sending Chadrayaan-1 to Moon and that too within a tight budget. How can we forget India as the harbinger for software technology?
India is advancing towards the new decade on the shoulders of technology.
The advent of driverless cars will be a common thing by 2030 with some precautionary measures.
Indian automobile majors will be manufacturing more electric cars and solar powered cars as the availability of petrol and diesel will be a major issue by 2030.
The technology will see a major breakthrough with the introduction of an efficient public transport system.
Metro trains will be more often used as public transport for bulk transportation in a short time.
Bullet train technology will be successfully implemented in some of the busy routes by then.
In terms of technology, India will be competing with its giant in neighbor, China by developing the most indigenous and sophisticated technology. It has been estimated by the beginning of 2030 India will become a processing center for VFX or visual effects and surpassing the American technology in this domain.
Many Hollywood directors will be making a beeline for our VFX experts. In terms of information technology, we will be the first choice throughout the world. Slowly India will become the preferred headquarter for all the technology giants.
The data charges will be an affair of minimal charges because the telecom technology is changing day a by day.
Due to the increase in the number of mobile manufacturers and telecom operators, the competition will be so much that the data charges may become negligent by 2030.
Every house will be connected to the internet as the Government of India has already started converting some of the places into free wi-fi zone.
The Indian medical tourism is already a game changer in the field of medical sciences. By the use of advanced and sophisticated medical equipment and world class doctors, we will be trying to improve the healthcare facility for the citizens of India.
Gone are the days when we had to stand in a queue to meet a doctor as by using the user-friendly apps we can just meet the doctor by coordinating through apps.
The doctor to patient ratio of 1: 1700 will be reduced to 5: 1000 as more and more medical colleges are coming up.
The medical science in India will be so advanced by 2030 that we will be catering not only to homeland India but also to international patients from the UK, USA, and Africa.
User-friendly sensors will help the farmers to get the real time data and be prepared for the next step to be taken.
The remote sensing satellites launched by ISRO or Indian Space Research Organization will be helping the farmers by alerting them to arrival for a natural calamity.
The Indian farmers will be using technology for the betterment of agricultural sector. Thus by 2030 India will be a tech savvy country and a pioneer in research and development.
India is already far ahead in Digital Payments than some of the developed nations. Unified Payments Interface (UPI) has transformed the country from a cash based economy to a digital economy. As of July 2022 , UPI facilitated 6.28 Billion transactions worth 10.63 trillion Rupees. COVID 19 Pandemic has acted as a catalyst for digital adoption boom and this boom is expected to further rise by the year 2030.
As of today, there are 692 million active internet users in India which includes 351 million from rural and 341 million from urban area.
Indian population 2030
As the global scenario is changing at a faster rate, so by 2030 India being a developed country will be able to solve some major issues.
The population of India in the year 2000 was 1.042 billion and it increased to 1.206 billion by 2010. So, by 2030 the population of India will be around 1.6 billion and will be a mammoth challenge for the country but this can also be a boon because by the year 2030 world average age will be much higher than India’s average age. India will have more younger people than anywhere in the world and this can help India boost it’s manufacturing capabilities and can provide helping hands to the other aged nations.
According to estimation the population density per square km in India will be 500.The problems that will face due to such a huge population will be like providing food, housing facilities, healthcare and much more.
These problems will be solved by 2030 only if we take the necessary steps now.
The whole of India will be covered with high-rise buildings and will be expanding vertically rather than horizontally.
To accommodate the huge population India may start building houses on the seafront without compromising the ecological balance.
India will be dependent on a new Green revolution so as to cater the hunger of 1.6 billion people. India will be exporting skilled manpower to every corner of the world to reduce the stress of employment to its youth.
The humongous task to make India developed by 2030 is to its citizens. They have to make sacrifices today so that the future generation can enjoy a better future.
As the ideal time has arrived to make a plan by consulting experts of different fields and start acting immediately.
All these efforts will help Indians to reach the milestone of 2030 to place India as a developed nation in the world map.