Indian Animals Pictures with Names

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India is a majestic land with many animals to its name. Not just pets but the country also has plenty of wild animals that roam the jungles too. Moreover, India has national parks and wild forests aplenty comprising of wild birds, animals, and reptiles. It is also a fascinating fact that more than 25% of the Indian land is covered with dense forest that is a source of shelter for all kinds of wildlife.

In this article, we share with you some famous Indian animals with their pictures.

Indian Rhinoceros

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Indian Rhinoceros is also known as the great Indian rhinoceros, and they are primarily found in India. If you want to spot them, you can go to the North-east of India. You can visit the Kaziranga National Park or the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary to see them because they have a high density of these Indian Rhinoceros there.

Indian Elephant

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The Indian elephants are megaherbivores that are definitely one of the many endangered species in India. They have been threatened excessively by a loss of habitat, fragmentation, and degradation. South India probably has the largest known population of these Indian Elephants or Asiatic Elephants.

Wild Water Buffalo

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Another domestic water buffalo is the wild water buffalo that is found in abundance in India. It is the second largest Assamese wild bovid. The wild water buffalo can easily be regarded as an endangered species in protected as well as small areas of Bhutan and Nepal.

Indian Bison

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The Indian Bison or Gaur can easily be regarded as one of the biggest extant bovines when it comes to the species of bovines. This species is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. The Indian Bison is also the tallest one of the wild cattle species.

Indian Wild Ass

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Khur or the Indian Wild Ass is an Indian animal that is found in Gujarat’s Little Rann of Kutch. The sanctuary of the Indian Wild Ass is the habitat of several Indian Wild Ass at a rough population estimate of 4451 individuals.

Blue Bull

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Blue bull is also known as the “Neel Gai” is specific to India. They are found in the Northern regions of India. They are the biggest antelopes in India. They inhabit in Indian grasslands, and you can even find them in the national parks.

Blackbuck

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Blackbuck can easily be considered as the most beautiful and mesmerizing Indian antelope. It is also the only extant member of the Antilope. This species inhabits slightly forested areas and grassy plains.

Red Panda

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Red Pandas are the natives of the Himalayas. They feed on bamboos primarily and are protected by national laws in India. They are considered an endangered species and are close to getting extinct.

Indian Python

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The Indian rock-like python is a large snake but is not venomous. They are found in Indian and are primarily carnivores. They feed on other small-sized mammals, reptiles or birds. Many species of Python can be found in India.

Cobra

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Last but not least, we come to king cobra. This venomous snake is considered to be pretty dangerous and is found in India throughout the subcontinent. Its principal place of habitat is Kerala and Karnataka. This snake is also one of the longest poisonous snakes that can be found in not just India but throughout the globe. In addition to that, they feed on other snakes for their survival.

Final Words

These are some of the animals that you can find in India. However, this is just the tip of the iceberg. There is a lot more to see and feel in this magical country.

Extinct Animals and Birds in India

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Many animals and birds have faced extinction in India, thanks to the unchecked hunting and loss of habitat. Although many environmental activists and NGOs are working relentlessly to protect and safeguard the interests of birds and animals, a lot still needs to be done. Despite all efforts, many animals and birds are no more found in India.

Let us check out this list of birds and animals that are extinct in India!

Pink-Headed Duck

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The pink-headed duck was found in the Gangetic plains of India but are feared to have faced extinction since the 1950s in India. Many researchers have tried to locate them but have not succeeded in doing so. They are given the status of “Critically Endangered,” and some believe that they can be found in the inaccessible swampy areas of northern Myanmar. But there is no concrete evidence for that. They are unique because of their dark body and a pink head.

Exaeretodon

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Exaeretodon is another extinct species in India. It was initially an herbivore found in northwestern Argentina. That said, there are some forms of the species that are found in southeastern Brazil too. The different forms of this species are E. argentinus, E. major, E. statisicae, E. riograndensi, etc.

Bharattherium

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Bharattherium is another mammal that is facing extinction. It lived in India but is found in South America and Madagascar now. This species is popular for having eight isolated fossil teeth which comprise of seven molariforms and one incisor.

Gigantopithecus

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Gigantopithecus are also an extinct species that comes from the lineage of apes. They are known to have existed as early as nine million years ago and as recent as a hundred thousand years ago. They were found around the same period when homo erectus existed. Information about these animals is derived from the fossil remains of these animals.

Indian Aurochs

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The Indian Aurochs are a subspecies of aurochs who are also extinct. They are known to have disappeared from India in about 13th century AD. Their skeleton remains from around 1800 BC were found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India.

Indian Cheetah

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The Indian Cheetah is also labeled as a critically endangered species in India. Currently, it survives only in the regions of Iran and some other protected areas. The human population is very low in those regions. These Indian or Asiatic Cheetahs come from the family of the African Cheetahs, but they are slightly different from them.

Hyperodapedon

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Hyperodapedon is an extinct animal that was first discovered in around 1859. They were herbivores and lived in drylands. They became extinct very early on. They were heavy in their built and stocky with a length of around 4.3 feet.

Sivatherium

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Last but not least, Sivatherium is another extinct genus that was found in the Indian subcontinent as well as Africa. However, thanks to unchecked human activity, this species has suffered to no end. They were originally found in the Himalayan foothills about 8,000 years ago and can still be found in some Indian rock paintings.

Final Words

To sum up, the human race has contributed to the extinction of many animals. India has always had a rich history of birds and animals, but unchecked hunting and poaching have led to a mass extinction of many animals. This list only has eight such animals, but there are many more in India and around the world that don’t exist anymore, thanks to the unlimited human greed and want. However, this should be an eye-opener, and we must take every step to protect the animal and bird species that exist now and are on the verge of extinction.

10 Most Dangerous Animals in India

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Although several animals are adopted as pets, there are plenty of wild animals in India that live by no one’s rules but their own. In addition to that, there are many animals in the country that are especially wild and possess some pretty dangerous characteristics. Although India has an animal-friendly and rich wildlife diversity, there are some animals that you must absolutely steer clear of. Here is a list of the 10 most dangerous animals in India!

Common Krait

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The common krait is one of the most dangerous snakes in India. Many other snakes belong to the Krait family. One bite from these snakes can be lethal for humans.

The Bengal Tiger

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The Bengal Tiger is one of the fiercest animals in India. They are massive and dangerous yet one of the most beautiful creatures that you can find in the Indian jungles. However, these days, the Bengal tigers are under threat due to unchecked hunting and poaching by humans. These tigers are found mainly in the Sundarbans forests and other forests in the Bengal region.

King Cobra

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King Cobra is one of the longest snakes in India and the most dangerous one. Their length can range between 13-15 feet on an average while other exceptions have a length of 18 feet. It makes them the world’s largest poisonous snake. King Cobra is also worshipped in India on a festival known as Nag Panchami.

Saw-Scaled Viper

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Saw-scaled viper comes from the poisonous viper family of snakes. They are very dangerous and have been responsible for several deaths in India.

Asian Black Bear

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The Asian black bear is also known as the white-chested bear or the moon bear because of their physical characteristics. They are medium in size and have adapted to arboreal life. They are also one of the most dangerous animals in India.

Indian Leopard

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The Indian leopards are also amongst the dangerous animals in India. They belong to the family of panthers. They are usually not found in the regions where the density of tigers is high. The number of Indian leopards is declining because of the loss of habitat and illegal trade of their skin.

Rogue Asian Elephants

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The rogue Asian Elephants or Asiatic elephants can be very dangerous if they go, rogue. These elephants are found across the Indian subcontinent, and it becomes very difficult to control the rogue ones. In most cases, either they are given some sedatives or are killed by humans. Otherwise, they have the capacity to destroy villages as well.

Indian Red Scorpion

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The Indian red scorpions or the Hottentotta tamulus belong to the Buthidae family. They are found in most parts of India, and their bites can be lethal. They are widely found in the vegetated lowland region of India and live closer to human settlements.

Crocodiles

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There are several dangerous species of crocodiles that are also quite deadly. The most dangerous thing about them is that they strike a person before he/she has had time even to react. The Nile crocodile and the saltwater crocodile are some of the most dangerous crocodiles found in India.

Mosquitos

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It is no secret that mosquitos are essentially blood-sucking parasites that are incredibly harmful to our health. Although they are not too perilous by themselves, they carry viral and infectious diseases from dengue to malaria that can be the cause of death. They can also cause diseases such as chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika fever.

Final Words

These are some of the most dangerous animals you can find in India. So, beware of them if they ever cross your path!

List of Poisonous Snakes in India

India is known to be the country of snakes and snake charmers. You can find some incredibly venomous snakes in the deep forests of India. There are more than 270 varieties of snakes in India out of which almost 60 are highly poisonous. Some of the most dangerous ones are Krait, Cobra, Russell’s Vipers, Saw-scaled vipers and many more.

Let’s check out this list of poisonous snakes in India!

Indian Krait

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Indian Kraits induce muscle paralysis and are extremely neurotic. One bite of this snake can be lethal for a person. There are many species of Krait snakes in India including common krait, Indian krait, and banded krait. However, there is one type of Krait known as the Bungarus; they are the most dangerous Kraits. In fact, they are the most dangerous snakes around the world.

Indian Cobra

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The Indian Cobra is another highly venomous snake found in India. They are also known as “Nag” in Hindi. These snakes can stay in varied habitats, but they prefer to stay in areas around villages, edges of open forests or fields. They usually feed on fronds, lizards or other rodents. They are also considered “Holy” as per Indian tradition and are associated with Lord Shiva and his Lingam. These snakes are worshipped on a festival named Nag Panchami.

Russell’s Vipers

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The local name for these snakes is Dabola or Koriwala and are also very venomous. They come in the category of the Indian Krait or Russell’s vipers and are very dangerous. They are responsible for thousands of deaths each year in India. Although they are smallest amongst the other dangerous snakes, they are still equally venomous. Their average length is 4 feet and is brownish grey or dark brown in color. They usually feed on rodents.

Saw-scaled vipers

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The Saw-scaled vipers have a wide head which is even wider than their neck. They have large eyes and have a rough-scaled snake. They are known to have their habitat in scrublands, sand, and soft soil. They feed on arthropods like large insects, centipedes or scorpions. They also feed on frogs, lizards, etc. The Indian Saw-scaled vipers are comparatively small and are a part of the viper family. They are extremely dangerous and poisonous.

Malabar Pit Vipers

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These are the Indian Green Pit Vipers and are also known as tree or bamboo vipers. They belong to the Pit Viper family, and they primarily live on bushes, arboreal, vines, and bamboos. They have a sensing system for cooling and heating. They feed on insects, lizards, and frogs. Their length goes up to 2.5 feet. Malabar Pit Vipers are usually found in the Western Ghats in India.

King Cobra

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The King Cobra is the biggest snake that is found in India. Their length can go up to 13 to 15 feet on an average. Some rare and unique King Cobras can go up to 18 feet in length. Hence, they are the world’s longest poisonous snake. Their habitat is in the humid jungle, cool swamps or bamboo clusters, etc.

Coral Snakes

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The coral snakes are also known as banded sea krait or yellow-lipped sea krait. They are found in India and are highly venomous. These coral snakes or sea snakes are very good swimmers. They have a higher venom potent than an average land snake in India.

Final Words

And there you go! These are some of the top poisonous snakes in India that have a venomous bite. Now you know which snakes to steer clear of in the future.

List of Non-Poisonous Snakes in India

People usually think that snakes and non-poisonous are oxymorons and cannot be used together. In the minds of people, snakes cannot be non-poisonous. However, that is not the case. Although snakes are life-threatening and dangerous, not all of them are a threat to humanity. India has a total of 270 species of snakes out of which only 60 species are venomous. This means that the rest are totally benign.

Let us check out some of the most common non-poisonous snakes found in India!

Dhaman Snake

Dhaman Snake or the Indian Rat Snake is also popularly called the Oriental Rat Snake. This snake has the ability to thrive in almost all kinds of environments, but their preference is urban areas. They also prey on rats as they are the most readily available.

Checkered Keelback

This snake is found near rivers or freshwater lakes and is 1.75 meter in height. Their surface is blackish and patched with greenish, yellow round or brown color. Although they are not particularly poisonous, they can be a bit aggressive if they feel they are in danger.

Common Cat Snake

The common cat snake is probably the most easily recognizable Indian snake because of its triangular head structure. This is, in fact, broader than its neck. This snake is largely nocturnal and is the most active between early night and early morning. Indian gamma snake is its other name.

Indian Rock Python

The Indian Rock Python is popularly known as Ajgar in India. It can be found in swamps and grasslands as well as some rocky places too. Eastern Himalayas is their natural habitat as well as the mangrove forests of the majestic Sundarbans.

Common Wolf Snake

The Common Wolf Snake is a species of the well-known colubrid snakes. These are most commonly seen in the Andaman Islands. They feed on rodents, skinks, and geckos. Moreover, their preference is to hide under heavy objects or in narrow cracks.

Common Sand Boa

The Common Sand Boa in Hindi is known as a “do-muha” snake. This is because its tail looks like its head. We can find these snakes in gardens, agricultural lands, brick piles, rat holes as well as rock piles. They are also not venomous and usually eat small mammals, rodents, geckos, and birds.

Banded Racer

This snake’s natural habitat is foliage, bushes, and tall grass. This snake also comes from the colubrid species, and as compared to all the other non-venomous species of snakes, there are particularly small in size.

Banded Kukri Snake

Banded Kukri again belongs to the grand family of colubrid. The Himalayan area of India usually sees these snakes in abundance. That said, the Banded Kukri Snake can also be found in places like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan. They usually eat reptile eggs, larvae, insects and rodents.

Common Trinket Snake

The common trinket snake is most commonly found in Vishakhapatnam. If they sense a threat approaching them, they can become rather aggressive, which is why it is essential to be careful of them. Their size is medium, and you can also find them at places with higher altitudes of Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

Black Headed Royal Snake

Finally, the Black Headed Royal Snake is another non-venomous snake found in India. They are mainly found in the semi-deserts and deserts of India. These snakes are nocturnal species which is why they are most active at night and also hunt during that time.

Final Words

Therefore, as can be seen, contrary to popular belief, there are ample types of non-poisonous snakes in India that are totally non-threatening.

Animals That Are Only Found in India

There are countless animals in India that make the country a mystic place. Here, we check out the top 7 animals that are found only in India!

Snow Leopard

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The snow leopards are specific to India, and they are found in the rocky and steep regions of the Himalayas. These leopards come from the family of a panther or wild cats. They have long and thick fur. Their color can be smoky gray or a yellow tan. Their height may range between 80-105 cm. Like many other animals, their population is also declining. Currently, there are around 6000 snow leopards that exist. The main cause for the decline in their numbers is unchecked hunting for their exotic fur for making merchandise and a change in habitat. You can find the snow leopard in the regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal.

Black Buck

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The Indian antelopes or the blackbucks are usually found int he grasslands, scrubs or plains areas in India. There has been a drastic decline in the number of blackbucks due to extreme illegal poaching, inbreeding, overgrazing, and destruction in their habitat. Most of the land has been converted into agricultural land. This has also led to a sharp decline in the number of blackbucks. There are many national parks where they can be spotted. This includes Corbett National Park, Guindy National Park, Velavadar National Park, and many others. The blackbucks are so special that they are considered the state animals of three states in India. These states are Punjab, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh.

Asiatic Lion

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Asiatic Lion is also known as the Indian or the Persian lion. They are also known as the king of the jungle. According to the WWF, the Asiatic lions are only found in India. According to the present statistics, only 200 of the total population of Asiatic lions exist in the world. They are mostly found in the Sasan Gir Wildlife Sanctuary in the Indian state of Gujarat. They are known to be the second largest of the feline species that are found in the world after tigers.

Bengal Tigers

An endangered, female Bengal tiger, Panthera tigris tigris, at Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo.

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Tigers are the national animal of India and is also known as the ‘Big Cat.’ Like all other animals, the Bengal Tigers are also under threat due to relentless hunting and poaching by humans. The natural habitat of these tigers is deciduous forests, tropical evergreen forests, thorn forests, mangrove swamps, and grass jungles. However, this habitat is almost disappearing in India, and that is another reason why these tigers are also disappearing. In total, there are 48 tiger reserves where these tigers can be spotted. The highest number is found in Jum Corbett National Park though. Other places where these tigers can be found are Sariska Tiger Reserve, Sundarbans, etc.

Lion-Tailed Macaque

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The lion-tailed macaque is found in the Western Ghats in a tiny pocket of the tropical forest. They are one of the most endangered species in the world. Only a handful of them is available in the zoo.

Nilgiri Tahr

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Another threatened mountain animal in India is the Nilgiri Tahr. They habit the tropical rainforests of the Western Ghats. This particular animal is considered endemic to the state of Tamil Nadu and cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

One-Horned Rhinoceros

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The Indian Rhinoceros or the One-Horned Rhinoceros are other unique animals that are endemic to India. They are found in the well-known Kaziranga National Park in the country. Although they were poached quite a bit for their horns, there has been a decline in this crime since strict laws were put into place to stop this species from extinction.

Final Words

Therefore, as is evident, India is a majestic land with many unique animals that are found in this country and that increases its beauty.

10 Facts About Indian Elephants

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Elephants are the pride of India. They are humongous beings and have a great personality. They are also a national heritage of India with kind hearts. Indian elephants are also quite social and play, love, cry and laugh with people as well as other elephants.

Here are 10 facts about Indian elephants that you probably didn’t know!

  1. Trunk Calls

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The trunks of elephants are used in a number of ways. They use it for breathing, smelling, lifting things up and sometimes even using the trunk as a trumpet. The elephants in Asia have a finger-like thing at the end of their trunk that helps them grab objects.

  1. Tough Tusks

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The tusks of elephants are very strong. It can be used to dig for water and roots or even fight with each other or strip the bark of a tree. Many elephants are killed in the forests for their tusks by the poachers.

  1. Strength in Numbers

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Elephants usually live for up to 60 years on an average. In addition to that, there are around 25000 elephants in India. They are usually found in herds. That said, the female elephants are responsible for looking after all the young ones, and the male elephants simply roam throughout the jungle alone.

  1. Big Brains

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It is no secret that elephants are free and wild animals. In addition to that, they are also the brainiest animals in the kingdom. Their size is enormous, and they have the ability to crush any kind of threat that comes their way. That said, witnessing this kind of hostility in elephants is rare because they are generally kind and gentle animals.

  1. Airy Ears

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Elephants have interesting airy ears that help them keep cool by radiating heat. Interestingly, the elephants found in Africa have ears similar to the map of the African continent while the ones found in Asia have smaller ear lobes.

  1. Jumbo Family

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The female elephants have a pregnancy period of 22 months. Normally, the female elephants look after the babies, and the male elephants roam around. The average life span of an elephants ranges between 60-70 years.

  1. Largest Land Animals

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Elephants are the largest land animals who can weight anywhere between 4000-7500 kg. They can have a height of 3 meters. However, Asian elephants are comparatively smaller. They weight between 3000-6000 kgs and have a height of 2.7 meters.

  1. Endangered or Not

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The population of Indian elephants is around 20,000 to 25,000 in the forests. One of the biggest dangers to elephants come from the poachers who kill these elephants to get their tusks. Other causes that endanger their lives are conflicted between humans and animals as well as deforestation.

  1. Asian Elephant Family

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The Elephas maximus or the Indian elephant come under the subcategory of Asian elephants. There are other two species in this family too. They are known as Elephas Maximum in Sri Lanka and Elephas Maximus in Sumatranus in Sri Lanka. The Indian elephants have a long front and are large. However, their body is slightly thinner than the ones found in Thailand.

  1. Ivory Tusk Poaching

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It is a sad reality that the lives of these massive animals are in danger due to ivory tusk poaching. Many humans are known to have killed elephants just for fun or sporting activity. Sometimes, people kill them if they come closer to their communities. While Asian elephants are totally under threat, African elephants are also vulnerable.

Final Words

As mentioned above, elephants are majestic creatures that need no introduction. They are also quite fascinating, and we are sure you learned something new today.