As we move deeper into the twenty-first century there is a major trend to enhance the body with “cyborg technology”. In fact, due to medical necessity, there are currently millions of people worldwide equipped with prosthetic devices to restore lost functions, and there is a growing DIY movement to self-enhance the body to create new senses or to enhance current senses to “beyond normal” levels of performance. From prosthetic limbs, artificial heart pacers and defibrillators, implants creating brain–computer interfaces, cochlear implants, retinal prosthesis, magnets as implants, exoskeletons, and a host of other enhancement technologies, the human body is becoming more mechanical and computational and thus less biological. This trend will continue to accelerate as the body becomes transformed into an information processing technology, which ultimately will challenge one’s sense of identity and what it means to be human. This paper reviews “cyborg enhancement technologies”, with an emphasis placed on technological enhancements to the brain and the creation of new senses—the benefits of which may allow information to be directly implanted into the brain, memories to be edited, wireless brain-to-brain (i.e., thought-to-thought) communication, and a broad range of sensory information to be explored and experienced. The paper concludes with musings on the future direction of cyborgs and the meaning and implications of becoming more cyborg and less human in an age of rapid advances in the design and use of computing technologies.
Three advance technologies that can make cyborg real in near future
Muscle-Propelled Force Feedback
Haptic innovation—or power criticism—isn’t new. In the event that you’ve played a computer game with a vibrating controller, you’ve encountered haptic innovation—the thunder pack vibrates concurrent with activity in the amusement, giving a sensation along the visual picture. Now and again, compel criticism is utilized to influence you to accomplish something particular by making a power that you normally endeavor to counter. Consider it like somebody pushing you sideways—your body opposes and pushes back towards them with an end goal to keep up your adjust.
Utilizing a brainwave pursuer—known as utilitarian close infrared spectroscopy, or fNIRS—a gathering of specialists at Tufts University has built up a gadget that won’t just get brainwaves, yet really sorts out that information to take advantage of individual inclinations. For this situation, the fNIRS information was connected to a mind PC interface that could precisely show film proposals. Stranger yet, the more a man utilized the framework, the more precise the forecasts progressed toward becoming, as though it was really finding out about that individual after some time. These sensors are hard to use in regular settings since easily overlooked details like head developments can upset the flag, however a similar group is building up a program that can successfully sift through this commotion.
Superpower is a term that shouldn’t be tossed around daintily, yet that may be the best way to depict a contact focal point that is being tried at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Utilizing a fluid precious stone screen implanted in the contact focal point, a man wearing it is ready to in a split second switch between ordinary vision and 2.8x amplification, giving them adaptive vision on demand. And shockingly, it works. The contact focal point was at that point tried on an existence measure model of an eye, and the innovation was put into an altered match of 3-D glasses to test on a genuine human. The main obstacle the group is confronting at the present time is putting the fluid precious stone shade onto a milder plastic, similar to the kind utilized as a part of most contact focal points today. In obvious cyborg design, the focal point has been named the Terminator Lens.
If these trends of innovation and research continue, we will soon be faced with a very new sort of human with very different sorts of capabilities.